Many Best Cardiologist in Hyderabad and around the world proved that this disease is caused only in infants and children. Congenital heart disease (congenital heart defect) is one or more abnormalities in your heart's structure that you're born with. With the advent of echocardiography, and cardiac CT and MRI, the role of chest x-rays in evaluating congenital heart disease has been largely been relegated to one of historical and academic interest, although they continue to crop up in radiology exams.
Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are structural heart defects present since birth.
They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The role of consanguinity in the etiology of CHD is supported by inbreeding studies, which demonstrate an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance of some congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are structural problems arising from abnormal formation of the heart or major blood vessels. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. Definition and Epidemiology of Congenital Heart Disease. Ventricular septal defects, invariably the most common congenital heart defect, manifest at earlier age than ASD, which can vary greatly in size and location . It is present at birth. Incidence is higher in stillborns (3–4%), spontaneous abortuses (10–25%) and premature infants (about 2% excluding patent ductus arteriosus [PDA]) About 2–3 in 1,000 newborn infants will be symptomatic with heart disease in the 1st year of life.
Learn more about CHD. How to detect & diagnose congenital heart disease in children - Congenital means “Existing at the birth” Congenital Heart Disease in Children is caused when a child is born with irregular heart structure or defects in the heart. Defects range from simple, which might cause no problems, to complex, which can cause life-threatening complications. Introduction: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with multiple risk factors, consanguinity may be one such significant factor.
The word “congenital” means existing at birth. The terms “congenital heart defect” and “congenital heart disease” are often used to mean the same thing, but “defect” is more accurate. They are of two types: Cyanotic heart disease; Acyanotic heart disease; CHD is the most common type of birth defects. - Classification of Congenital Heart Disease: Acyanotic and Cyanotic - Obstructive Congenital Heart Lesions - Congenital heart lesions that increase pulmonary arterial blood flow At least 18 distinct types of congenital heart defects are recognized, with many additional anatomic variations. In most instances a definite diagnosis cannot be made, however, the differential can be narrowed to a few likely diagnoses. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart.