Expressionist architecture was an architectural movement in Europe during the first decades of the 20th century in parallel with the expressionist visual and performing arts that especially developed and dominated in Germany. Expressionism originated in Germany in the early 20th century. Expressionism is a modernist movement that emerged in early 20th-century Germany. Abstract Expressionism, broad movement in American painting that began in the late 1940s and became a dominant trend in Western painting during the 1950s. Characterised by an ambivalent attitude towards modernity, the Expressionists sought to create a new art that was anti-bourgeois, non-rational and focussed on intense personal expression. Artists working in this style distort the reality of their subjects in order to “express” their own emotions, feelings, and ideas. German Expressionism was a multi-disciplinary art movement dominating the German arts during the first two decades of the 20th century. The classic phase of the Expressionist movement lasted from approximately 1905 to 1920 and spread throughout Europe. Expressionism, artistic style in which the artist seeks to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse within a person. Its example would later powerfully inform many individuals, and groups such as: Abstract Expressionism , Neo-Expressionism , and The School of London . It is a difficult movement to define as it seems to overlap with many of other movements (Cubism, Surrealism, Post-Impressionism, Symbolism). The most prominent American Abstract Expressionist painters were Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, and Mark Rothko. In a broader sense Expressionism is one of the main currents of art in the later 19th and 20th centuries.